There was a time when most of us would advise our clients to pull the plug on our laptops and run on battery power, so the laptop battery would not build up a memory. The hope was that this would prevent premature battery failure. Yesterday I was reading a comment on another blog when some readers, who answered a question from another reader, were still advising this practice. Some even stated that you should remove the battery and run on straight power, and this would extend the life of the battery.
That may have worked in days gone by, but most newer laptops now come with batteries that are called Lithium Ion. So I went to check out just how you now care for a Lithium Ion battery. The one thing I learned was that these types of batteries start to lose their abilities to work, even if not installed. At How Stuff Works it also states that:
Lithium-ion batteries are popular because they have a number of important advantages over competing technologies:
- They’re generally much lighter than other types of rechargeable batteries of the same size. The electrodes of a lithium-ion battery are made of lightweight lithium and carbon. Lithium is also a highly reactive element, meaning that a lot of energy can be stored in its atomic bonds. This translates into a very high energy density for lithium-ion batteries.Here is a way to get a perspective on the energy density. A typical lithium-ion battery can store 150 watt-hours of electricity in 1 kilogram of battery. A NiMH (nickel-metal hydride) battery pack can store perhaps 100 watt-hours per kilogram, although 60 to 70 watt-hours might be more typical. A lead-acid battery can store only 25 watt-hours per kilogram. Using lead-acid technology, it takes 6 kilograms to store the same amount of energy that a 1 kilogram lithium-ion battery can handle. That’s a huge difference [Source:Everything2.com].
- They hold their charge. A lithium-ion battery pack loses only about 5 percent of its charge per month, compared to a 20 percent loss per month for NiMH batteries.
- They have no memory effect, which means that you do not have to completely discharge them before recharging, as with some other battery chemistries.
- Lithium-ion batteries can handle hundreds of charge/discharge cycles.
That is not to say that lithium-ion batteries are flawless. They have a few disadvantages as well:
- They start degrading as soon as they leave the factory. They will only last two or three years from the date of manufacture whether you use them or not.
- They are extremely sensitive to high temperatures. Heat causes lithium-ion battery packs to degrade much faster than they normally would.
- If you completely discharge a lithium-ion battery, it is ruined.
- A lithium-ion battery pack must have an on-board computer to manage the battery. This makes them even more expensive than they already are.
There is a small chance that, if a lithium-ion battery pack fails, it will burst into flame.
So there you have it.